The Miami Model
Nathalie discusses her parents’ experiences with the Miami FTAA protests we saw in class. While her mother did not have a lot to say about the subject, her father remembered being quite annoyed by the inconveniences the protests made for him. Nathalie’s father has a history with South America, so it was odd that he did not give the protests more attention; he had been affected by the media framing the protests in a negative light. She concludes by stating that the protests will be remembered most for how the media and police handled the situation.
“Public Forum” for the Internet?
Molly begins with McPhail’s four categories “the ‘traditional public forum,’ the ‘limited’ or ‘designated’ public forum,’ the ‘nonpublic forum,’ and private property.” private company, we had the right to determine what speech content we wanted hosted on our privately owned servers. The First Amendment only extends to the actions of the government with regards to he abridgment of free speechI would argue that there are no public fora on the internet.Right now, digital protest tactics, digital direct action in particular, are attacked as illegitimate because they inevitably tread on the private property of someone.
Keck & Sikkink: Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics
I’m going to attempt to condense and already quite condensed summary further!
The introduction discusses the Boomerang Pattern, which I found confusing unless looking the image. The main idea is that if a network is initially unable to convince a particular state government to initiate change, they can make like a boomerang and go past the main blockade and assert pressure to other states. Ultimately, much like a boomerang, the pressure would all come back to the initial state thus resulting in progress.
The next section looks at four different movements relating to what I believe is bringing Western culture to different networks and attempting to change the traditions of the already existing networks in the interest of human rights. It seems that many of the attempts to “modernize” others backfired and led to people rejecting much of the aspects of Western culture presented to them.
The authors then discuss two ideal types of international advocacy relationships. The human rights tradition and the solidarity framework.
In the next section, environmental advocacy is looked at through the lens of a few case studies. The authors concede that “environmental issues present a particular set of challenges, in that the base argument centers around the idea of the environment as a public good” (from summary).
The authors identify a pattern that frequently appears in successful networks and it is bullet listed in Amy’s summary.
The conclusion goes into five different stages that networks can be effective during.